Enhanced Mobility of Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities
The Enhanced Mobility of Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities Program supports projects intended to enhance mobility for seniors and persons with disabilities by providing funds to programs that serve the special needs of transit-dependent populations beyond traditional public transportation services and Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) complementary paratransit services.
- Traditional Section 5310 Projects: At least 55% of program funds must be utilized for public transportation capital projects that are planned, designed, and carried out to meet the specific needs of seniors and individuals with disabilities when public transportation is insufficient, unavailable, or inappropriate.
- Other Section 5310 Projects: Up to 45% of program funds may be utilized for additional public transportation projects that:
- are planned, designed, and carried out to meet the specific needs of seniors and individuals with disabilities when public transportation is insufficient, unavailable, or inappropriate (capital and operating);
- exceed the ADA minimum requirements;
- improves access to fixed route service and decrease reliance by individuals with disabilities on ADA complementary paratransit service; or
- provide alternatives to public transportation that assist seniors and individuals with disabilities with transportation.
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Eligible Recipients for Traditional Seciton 5310 projects include:
- Private non-profit organizations;
- State or local governmental authority that:
- is approved by a State to coordinate services for seniors and individuals with disabilities; or
- certifies that there is no non-profit organizations readily available in the area to provide the service
Eligible recipients for Other Section 5310 projects include:
- Private non-profit organizations;
- State or local governmental authorities; and
- Operators of public transportation services, including private operators of public transportation services.
Enhanced Mobility of Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities
Program funds may be applied to the capital and operating expenses that support the provision of transportation services to meet the specific needs of seniors and individuals with disabilities.
Traditional Section 5310 projects include:
- Public transportation capital projects planned, designed, and carried out to meet the specific needs of seniors and individuals with disabilities when public transportation is insufficient, unavailable, or inappropriate.
Examples of eligible Traditional Section 5310 projects include:
Rolling Stock and Related Activities
- Acquisition of expansion or replacement buses or vans, and related procurement, testing, inspection, and acceptance costs;
- Vehicle rehabilitation or overhaul;
- Preventive maintenance, as defined in the National Transit Database (NTD);
- Radios and communication equipment; and
- Vehicle wheelchair lifts, ramps, and securement devices
- Purchase and installation of benches, shelters and other passenger amenities
Support Facilities and Equipment
- Extended warranties that do not exceed the industry standard;
- Computer hardware and software;
- Transit related intelligent transportation systems (ITS);
- Dispatch systems; and
- Fare collection systems
Lease of equipment (when leasing is more cost effective than purchasing)
Acquisition of transportation services under a contract, lease, or other arrangement (both capital and operating costs associated with contracted service are eligible capital expenses)
Support for mobility management and coordination programs among transportation providers and other human service agencies providing transportation.
- The promotion, enhancement, and facilitation of access to transportation services, including the integration and coordination of services for individuals with disabilities, seniors, and low income individuals;
- Support for short term management activities to plan and implement coordinated services;
- The support of State and local coordination policy bodies and councils;
- The operation of transportation brokerages to coordinate providers, funding agencies and customers;
- The provision of coordination services, including employer-oriented Transportation Management Organizations’ and Human Service Organizations’ customer-oriented travel navigator systems and neighborhood travel coordination activities such as coordinating individualized travel training and trip planning activities for customers;
- The development and operation of one-stop transportation traveler call centers to coordinate transportation information on all travel modes and to manage eligibility requirements and arrangements for customers among supporting programs; and
- Operational planning for the acquisition of intelligent transportation technologies to help plan and operate coordinated systems inclusive of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) mapping, Global Positioning System technology, coordinated vehicle scheduling, dispatching and monitoring technologies as well as technologies to track costs and billing in a coordinated system and single smart customer payment systems. (Acquisition of technology is also eligible as a stand- alone capital expense).
Other Section 5310 projects include:
- Public transportation projects planned, designed, and carried out to meet the special needs of seniors and individuals with disabilities when public transportation is insufficient, inappropriate, or unavailable (capital and operating);
- Public transportation projects that exceed the requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990
- Public transportation projects that improve access to fixed route service and decrease reliance on complementary paratransit
- Alternatives to public transportation projects that assist seniors and individuals with disabilities with transportation
Examples of eligible Other Section 5310 projects include:
Public transportation projects that exceed the requirements of the ADA
- Expansion of paratransit service parameters beyond the three-fourths mile required by the ADA;
- Expansion of current hours of operation for ADA paratransit services that are beyond those provided on the fixed-route services;
- The incremental cost of providing same day service;
- The incremental cost (if any) of making door-to-door service available to all eligible ADA paratransit riders, but not as a reasonable modification for individual riders in an otherwise curb-to-curb system;
- Enhancement of the level of service by providing escorts or assisting riders through the door of their destination;
- Acquisition of vehicles and equipment designed to accommodate mobility aids that exceed the dimensions and weight ratings established for wheelchairs under the ADA (i.e., larger than 30” x 48” and/or weighing more than 600 pounds) and labor costs of aides to help drivers assist passengers with over-sized wheelchairs. This would permit the acquisition of lifts with a larger capacity, as well as modifications to lifts with a 600 pound design load, and the acquisition of heavier-duty vehicles for paratransit and/or demand-response service; and
- Installation of additional securement locations in public buses beyond what is required by the ADA
- “Feeder” service (transit service that provides access) to commuter rail, commuter bus, intercity rail, and intercity bus stations, for which complementary paratransit service is not required under the ADA.
Public transportation projects that improve accessibility
- Making accessibility improvements to transit and intermodal stations not designated as key stations. Examples include: building accessible paths, including curbcuts, sidewalks, elevators/ramps, or improving signage.
- Travel training programs (including instruction and travel training services) for individual users on awareness, knowledge, and skills of public and alternative transportation options available in their communities
Alternatives to public transportation projects that assist seniors and individuals with disabilities with transportation
- Purchasing vehicles to support new accessible taxi, ride sharing, and/or vanpooling programs
- Supporting the administration and expenses related to new voucher programs for transportation services offered by human service providers
- Supporting volunteer driver and aide programs
Enhanced Mobility of Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities Program funds may be used to finance capital and operating expenses. Federal match requirements are determined according to the type of expenditure funded:
For capital expenses, Section 5310 funds may provide up to 80 percent of the cost of the project.
For operating expenses, Section 5310 funds may provide up to 50 percent of the project’s net operating cost.
The local match share must be provided from sources other than federal Department of Transportation (DOT) funds. Some examples of potential sources of local match which may be used for any or all of the local share include: State or local apportionments; other non-DOT federal funds; dedicated tax revenues; private donations; revenue from human service contracts; and net income generated from advertising and concessions.
Other federal, non-DOT funds may be used for local match when transportation is an allowable expense under the given program. Examples of types of programs that are potential sources of local match include: employment training, aging, community services, and vocational rehabilitation services. To be eligible as match to FTA funds, the other federal funds must be used for activities included in the total net project costs of the FTA grant. Expenditures of other federal funds for transportation outside of the scope of the project cannot be applied as a credit for local match in the FTA grant.
Projects selected for funding under the Enhanced Mobility of Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities Program must be derived from a locally developed, coordinated public transit-human services transportation plan. The regional coordination plan, Access North Texas, identifies region-wide and county-wide strategies to address transportation needs. Project submittals must be consistent with strategies identified through the Access North Texas Plan. The complete plan can be found at www.accessnorthtexas.org.
The basic grant management requirements for States and local governments are contained in the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations, “Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Cooperative Agreements to State and Local Governments,” 49 CFR Part 18. The comparable DOT rule for private non-profit organizations is “Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Agreements with Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals, and Other Non-Profit Organizations,” 49 CFR Part 19.
Other federal requirements, such as those related to Civil Rights, Disadvantaged Business Enterprise (DBE), Buy America, School Transportation, Lobbying, and Drug and Alcohol Testing apply to JA/RC funded projects. This includes Labor protections required under Title 49 U.S.C. 5333(b).