Transit Vehicle Functionality

Subsystem Description

FWTAransit Vehicle Subsystem (TRVS) resides in a transit vehicle and provides the sensory, processing, storage, and communications functions necessary to support safe and efficient movement of passengers. The types of transit vehicles containing this subsystem include buses, paratransit vehicles, light rail vehicles, other vehicles designed to carry passengers, and supervisory vehicles. The subsystem collects accurate ridership levels and supports electronic fare collection. The subsystem supports a traffic signal prioritization function that communicates with the roadside subsystem to improve on-schedule performance. Automated vehicle location functions enhance the information available to the Transit Management Subsystem enabling more efficient operations. On-board sensors support transit vehicle maintenance. The subsystem supports on-board security and safety monitoring. This monitoring includes transit user or vehicle operator activated alarms (silent or audible), as well as surveillance and sensor equipment. The surveillance equipment includes video (e.g. CCTV cameras), audio systems and/or event recorder systems. The sensor equipment includes threat sensors (e.g. chemical agent, toxic industrial chemical, biological, explosives, and radiological sensors) and object detection sensors (e.g. metal detectors). In addition, the subsystem supports vehicle operator authentication prior to operation of the vehicle and remote vehicle disabling. The subsystem also furnishes travelers with real-time travel information, continuously updated schedules, transfer options, routes, and fares.

Functional Area: On-board Paratransit Operations

On-board systems to manage paratransit and flexible-route dispatch requests, including multi-stop runs. Passenger data is collected and provided to the center.

ID Requirement Status
1 The transit vehicle shall manage data input to sensor(s) on-board a transit vehicle to determine the vehicle's availability for use in demand responsive and flexible-route transit services based on identity, type, and passenger capacity. Existing
2 The transit vehicle shall receive the status of demand responsive or flexible-route transit schedules and passenger loading from the transit vehicle operator. Existing
3 The transit vehicle shall provide the transit vehicle operator instructions about the demand responsive or flexible-route transit schedule that has been confirmed from the center. Existing
4 The transit vehicle shall provide the capability to log passenger boardings and alightings and make passenger use data available to the transit center. Existing

Functional Area: On-board Schedule Management

Collecting of data for schedule generation and adjustment on-board a transit vehicle. Supports communication between the vehicle, operator, and center.

ID Requirement Status
1 The transit vehicle shall receive a vehicle assignment including transit route information, transit service instructions, traffic information, road conditions, and other information for the operator. Existing
2 The transit vehicle shall use the route information and its current location to determine the deviation from the predetermined schedule. Existing
3 The transit vehicle shall calculate the estimated times of arrival (ETA) at transit stops. Existing
5 The transit vehicle shall provide the schedule deviations and instructions for schedule corrections to the transit vehicle operator if the deviation is small, or the transit vehicle is operating in an urban area. Existing
6 The transit vehicle shall send the schedule deviation and estimated arrival time information to the center. Existing
8 The transit vehicle shall notify the transit center of vehicle location and operational status as the vehicle exits and returns to the transit facility to support future vehicle assignments. Existing

Functional Area: On-board Transit Fare Management

On-board systems provide fare collection using a travelers non-monetary fare medium. Collected fare data are made available to the center.

ID Requirement Status
1 The transit vehicle shall read data from the traveler card / payment instrument presented by boarding passengers. Existing
4 The transit vehicle shall calculate the traveler's fare based on the origin and destination provided by the traveler as well as factors such as the transit routing, transit fare category, traveler history, and route-specific information. Existing
5 The transit vehicle shall have access to the complete range of transit services (routes and schedules) that are available to the traveler. Existing
6 The transit vehicle shall provide a transit fare payment interface that is suitable for travelers with physical disabilities. Existing
10 The transit vehicle shall provide fare statistics data to the center. Existing

Functional Area: On-board Transit Security

On-board video/audio surveillance systems, threat sensors, and object detection sensors to enhance security and safety on-board a transit vehicles. Also includes silent alarms activated by transit user or vehicle operator, operator authentication, and remote vehicle disabling.

ID Requirement Status
1 The transit vehicle shall perform video and audio surveillance inside of transit vehicles and output raw video or audio data for either local monitoring (for processing or direct output to the transit vehicle operator), remote monitoring or for local storage (e.g., in an event recorder). Existing
2 The transit vehicle shall perform local monitoring of video or audio surveillance data collected inside of transit vehicles, and identify potential incidents or threats based on received processing parameters. Existing
3 The transit vehicle shall output an indication of potential incidents or threats and the processed video or audio information to the center along with the vehicle’s current location. Existing
7 The transit vehicle shall accept sensor control data to allow remote control of the sensors. Existing
8 The transit vehicle shall monitor and output surveillance and sensor equipment status and fault indications. Existing
10 The transit vehicle shall output reported emergencies to the center. Existing

Functional Area: On-board Transit Trip Monitoring

Support fleet management with automatic vehicle location (AVL) and automated mileage and fuel reporting and auditing.

ID Requirement Status
1 The transit vehicle shall track the current location of the transit vehicle. Existing
2 The transit vehicle shall support the computation of the location of a transit vehicle using on-board sensors to augment the location determination function. This may include proximity to the transit stops or other known reference points as well as recording trip length. Existing
3 The transit vehicle shall record transit trip monitoring data including vehicle mileage and fuel usage. Existing
4 The transit vehicle shall record transit trip monitoring data including operational status information such as doors open/closed, running times, etc. Existing
5 The transit vehicle shall send the transit vehicle trip monitoring data to center-based trip monitoring functions. Existing