Local Emergency Vehicles - Emergency Vehicle Functionality

Subsystem Description

The Emergency Vehicle Subsystem (EVS) resides in an emergency vehicle and provides the sensory, processing, storage, and communications functions necessary to support safe and efficient incident response. The subsystem represents a range of vehicles including those operated by police, fire, and emergency medical services. In addition, this subsystem represents other incident response vehicles including towing and recovery vehicles and freeway service patrols. The Emergency Vehicle Subsystem includes two-way communications to support coordinated response to emergencies in accordance with an associated Emergency Management Subsystem. Emergency vehicles are equipped with automated vehicle location capability for monitoring by vehicle tracking and fleet management functions in the Emergency Management Subsystem. Using these capabilities, the appropriate emergency vehicle to respond to each emergency is determined. Route guidance capabilities within the vehicle enable safe and efficient routing to the emergency. In addition, the emergency vehicle may be equipped to support signal preemption through communications with the Roadway Subsystem.

Functional Area: On-board EV En Route Support

On-board systems for gathering of dispatch and routing information for emergency vehicle personnel, vehicle tracking, communications with care facilities, and signal preemption via short range communication directly with traffic control equipment at the roadside.

ID Requirement Status
1 The emergency vehicle, including roadway service patrols, shall track its current location. Long-term
2 The emergency vehicle, including roadway service patrols, shall send the vehicle's location and operational data to the center for emergency management and dispatch. Long-term
3 The emergency vehicle, including roadway service patrols, shall receive incident details and a suggested route when dispatched to a scene. Existing
4 The emergency vehicle shall send the current en route status (including estimated time of arrival) and requests for emergency dispatch updates. Long-term
5 The emergency vehicle shall send requests to traffic signal control equipment at the roadside to preempt the signal. Near-term
6 The emergency vehicle shall provide the personnel on-board with dispatch information, including incident type and location, and forward an acknowledgment from personnel to the center that the vehicle is on its way to the incident scene. Existing
7 The emergency vehicle shall send patient status information to the care facility along with a request for further information. Long-term
8 The emergency vehicle shall forward care facility status information to emergency vehicle personnel, including the location, specialized services, quality of care, waiting time, number of rooms available, and emergency room status of hospitals or emergency care providers. Long-term

Functional Area: On-board EV Incident Management Communication

On-board systems provide communications support to first responders. Incident information is provided to dispatched emergency personnel. Emergency personnel transmit information about the incident and response status.

ID Requirement Status
1 The emergency vehicle shall receive dispatch instructions sufficient to enable emergency personnel in the field to implement an effective incident response. It includes local traffic, road, and weather conditions, hazardous material information, and the current status of resources that have been allocated to an incident. Existing
2 The emergency vehicle shall provide an interface to the center for emergency personnel to transmit information about the incident site such as the extent of injuries, identification of vehicles and people involved, hazardous material, etc. Near-term
3 The emergency vehicle shall provide an interface to the center for emergency personnel to transmit information about the current incident response status such as the identification of the resources on site, site management strategies in effect, and current clearance status. Near-term