Local Parking Management - Parking Management Functionality

Subsystem Description

The Parking Management Subsystem (PMS) provides electronic monitoring and management of parking facilities. It supports a Field-Vehicle Communications link to the Vehicle Subsystem that allows electronic collection of parking fees and monitors and controls parking meters that support conventional parking fee collection. It also includes the instrumentation, signs, and other infrastructure that monitors parking lot usage and provides local information about parking availability and other general parking information. This portion of the subsystem functionality must be located in the parking facility where it can monitor, classify, and share information with customers and their vehicles. The subsystem also interfaces with the financial infrastructure and broadly disseminates parking information to other operational centers in the region. Note that the latter functionality may be located in a back office, remote from the parking facility.

Functional Area: Parking Coordination

Coordination between parking facilities and between parking facilities and traffic, transit, and traveler information systems. Includes sharing of hours of operation, charging strategies, lot sizes, current parking availability, and parking reservations.

ID Requirement Status
1 The parking element shall exchange parking management data with other parking facilities including location, hours, availability, status, lot usage, operating strategies, and charging information. Medium-term
2 The parking element shall provide parking management data to traffic management centers upon request as part of the implementation of demand management programs in the region. This could include changes to hours of operation or pricing. Medium-term
3 The parking element shall distribute parking lot information to traffic management centers upon request to support integrated regional traffic control and parking management. This could include information on facility hours of operation and current parking availability. Medium-term
4 The parking element shall distribute parking lot information upon request to transit management centers for park and ride facilities, parking shuttle services, and other applications that integrate transit and parking services. Medium-term
5 The parking element shall distribute parking lot information upon request to traveler information providers to support travel planning. Medium-term

Functional Area: Parking Data Collection

Collection and storage of parking management information. For use by operations personnel or data archives in the region.

ID Requirement Status
1 The parking element shall collect parking management data including lot usage and charging information. Medium-term
2 The parking element shall assign quality control metrics and meta-data to be stored along with the data. Meta-data may include attributes that describe the source and quality of the data and the conditions surrounding the collection of the data. Medium-term
3 The parking element shall receive and respond to requests from ITS Archives for either a catalog of the parking management data or for the data itself. Medium-term
4 The parking element shall be able to produce sample products of the data available. Medium-term

Functional Area: Parking Electronic Payment

Parking payment collection using in-vehicle equipment (tags) or contact or proximity traveler cards used for electronic payment. Includes field elements and back-office functionality.

ID Requirement Status
2 The parking element shall read data from the traveler card / payment instrument carried on-board the vehicle or by the traveler. Medium-term
3 The parking element shall provide an interface to the driver informing them of the success or failure of the financial transaction. This may involve a request for the driver to pull aside so the operator can resolve an issue. Medium-term
5 The parking element shall manage the parking lot charges, considering such factors as location, vehicle types, and times of day. Medium-term
7 The parking element shall support the payment of parking lot transactions using data provided by the traveler cards / payment instruments. Medium-term

Functional Area: Parking Management

Monitor vehicles and current parking availability within parking facilities. Use driver information systems (e.g., DMS) to provide parking availability and other parking facility information to drivers. Support local traffic control coordination around the parking facility.

ID Requirement Status
1 The parking element shall maintain parking lot information including static information such as hours of operation, rates, location, entrance locations, capacity, type, and constraints; as well as dynamic information such as current state of the lot, occupancy, arrival rates, and departure rates. Medium-term
2 The parking element shall share information with a traffic management center to identify queues at entrances, exits that should be used, and other information that supports coordinated local traffic control in and around the parking facility. Medium-term
3 The parking element shall manage local dynamic message signs that display messages to travelers such as the parking lot state, number of spaces available, location of entrances, and current charges. Medium-term
4 The parking element shall provide the capability to detect, count, and classify vehicles at entrances, exits, and designated locations within a parking facility. Medium-term