Bicyclist Rights and Duties (Sec. 551.101)
A person operating a bicycle has the rights and duties applicable to a driver operating a vehicle.
General Operation of a Bicycle (Sec. 551.102)
A person may not use a bicycle to carry more persons than the bicycle is designed or equipped to carry. A person operating a bicycle may not use a bicycle to carry an object that prevents the person from operating the bicycle with at least one hand on the handlebars.
While bicycling, ride as near as practicable to the right curb or edge of the roadway, unless:
- Passing another vehicle moving in the same direction;
- Preparing to turn left;
- A condition of the roadway prevents the bicyclist from riding next to the curb or edge of the roadway; or
- Roadway is too narrow for a bicycle and motor vehicle to safely travel side by side.
Bicycle Operation on Roadway (Sec. 551.103)
Bicyclists may ride two abreast in a single lane. Persons riding two abreast may not impede the normal and reasonable flow of traffic on the roadway.
Bicycle Safety Equipment (Sec. 551.104)
All bicycles must be equipped with brakes. In order to ride at night, a bicycle must:
- Be equipped with a white light on the front visible from a distance at least 500 feet.
- Be equipped with a red light on the back visible from a distance at least 500 feet.
- Be equipped with a red reflector on the back.
Turn Signal Methods for Bicyclists (Sec. 545.107)
To signal a left turn, extend left hand and arm horizontally. To signal a right turn, either (1) extend left hand and arm upward or (2) extend right hand and arm horizontally. To signal a stop or decrease in speed, extend left hand and arm downward.
A bicycle may not be parked on a sidewalk, in an intersection, on a crosswalk, on a bridge or railroad track, or where an official sign prohibits stopping. If the bicycle does not impede the normal and reasonable movement of pedestrian traffic, parking a bicycle on the sidewalk is allowed.
Competitive Bicycle Races (Sec. 551.105)
A sponsoring organization may hold a competitive bicycle race on public roadways with the approval of the appropriate local law enforcement agencies.
Texas E-Bike Legislation (HB 2188) Note: This bill does not go into effect until September 1, 2019.
This bill officially recognizes electric bikes as bicycles and give e-bike riders the same access to roads and pathways as other bicycle riders.